Under Construction: Distant Galaxy Churning Out Stars at Remarkable Rate

Chandra_644_500

chandra_644 December 8th, 2016

Credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/Univ of Florida/J.Ma et al; Optical: NASA/STScI; Infrared: NASA/JPL-Caltech; Radio: ESO/NAOJ/NRAO/ALMA; Simulation: Simons Fdn./Moore Fdn./Flatiron Inst./Caltech/C. Hayward & P. Hopkins

Using several telescopes including Chandra, astronomers have shown that a galaxy in the early Universe called SPT0346-52 is undergoing an extraordinary burst of star formation. This graphic shows a frame from a computer simulation (main image) of such a burst following a galactic merger and data from Chandra, Spitzer, ALMA, and Hubble of the distant galaxy (inset). The absence of X-rays from Chandra (blue) in the inset shows that there is no actively growing, supermassive black hole in the center of the galaxy. This means that the rate amount of infrared emission detected by other telescopes can only be explained by an extremely high rate of star formation.

Image Source: http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2016/spt0346/

Curator: Chandra X-ray Observatory, Cambridge, MA, USA

Image Use Policy: http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/image_use.html

Image Details

Image Type
Collage
Object Name
SPT 0346-52
Subject - Distant Universe
Galaxy » Activity » Starburst
Galaxy » Type » Gravitationally Lensed

Distance

Universescale3
12,700,000,000 light years

Position Details

Position (ICRS)
RA = 3h 30m 41.1s
DEC = -52° 5’ 2.2”
Constellation
Horologium

Color Mapping

  Telescope Spectral Band Wavelength
Arrow_left_blue Chandra (ACIS) X-ray (X-ray) 826.7 pm
Arrow_left_green Hubble (WFC) Optical (Near-IR) 1.1 µm
Arrow_left_red Spitzer (IRAC) Infrared (Near-IR) 4.5 µm
Arrow_left_magenta ALMA Radio (band 7) 870.0 µm
Main image from simulation data
Spectrum_xray2
Arrow_top_blue
Arrow_top_green
Arrow_top_red
Arrow_top_magenta
Chandra_644_1280
×
ID
644
Subject Category
D.5.3.3   D.5.1.8  
Subject Name
SPT 0346-52
Credits
X-ray: NASA/CXC/Univ of Florida/J.Ma et al; Optical: NASA/STScI; Infrared: NASA/JPL-Caltech; Radio: ESO/NAOJ/NRAO/ALMA; Simulation: Simons Fdn./Moore Fdn./Flatiron Inst./Caltech/C. Hayward & P. Hopkins
Lightyears
12,700,000,000
Redshift
5.656
Reference Url
http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2016/spt0346/
Type
Collage
Image Quality
Good
Distance Notes
Facility
Chandra, Hubble, Spitzer, ALMA
Instrument
ACIS, WFC, IRAC, -
Color Assignment
Blue, Green, Red, Magenta
Band
X-ray, Optical, Infrared, Radio
Bandpass
X-ray, Near-IR, Near-IR, band 7
Central Wavelength
0.8267, 1100, 4500, 870000
Start Time
Integration Time
Dataset ID
Notes
M
Coordinate Frame
ICRS
Equinox
J2000
Reference Value
52.6711942, -52.0839559
Reference Dimension
Reference Pixel
Scale
Rotation
Coordinate System Projection:
Quality
Position
FITS Header
Notes
Creator (Curator)
Chandra X-ray Observatory
URL
http://chandra.harvard.edu
Name
Chandra X-ray Observatory Center
Email
cxcpub@cfa.harvard.edu
Telephone
617.496.7941
Address
60 Garden St.
City
Cambridge
State/Province
MA
Postal Code
02138
Country
USA
Rights
http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/image_use.html
Publisher
Chandra X-ray Observatory Center
Publisher ID
chandra
Resource ID
spt0346.tif
Metadata Date
2016-12-08T14:02:10-05:00
Metadata Version
1.2
×

Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

 

×
Universescalefull
12,700,000,000 light years