HST's first observation of Jupiter

Esahubble_opo9109b_500

esahubble_opo9109b May 17th, 1991

Credit: NASA/ESA

On March 11, 1991, the Wide Field/planetary Camera on NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope observed Jupiter for the first time. This "true color" picture of the southeast quadrant of the planet shows a striking oval-shaped dark ring on the left and the Great Red Spot just rotating out of view on the right aide. These features are thought to be very large hurricane-like structures where warmer gases carry ammonia ice crystals from deep in the Jovian atmosphere up above the top of the normal cloud layers that shroud Jupiter. Jovian clouds are thought to be colored by small amounts of sulfur, phosphorus and carbon compounds in the ice crystals. This picture has about the same resolution (0.15 arcsec) as voyager pictures taken 5 days before encounter in 1979 . This will allow a continuation of the study of Jovian wind velocities begun by voyager and allow expansion of this program into the ultraviolet and infrared where clouds form at different heights in the atmosphere. The blue and blue-green bands to the right of the edge of Jupiter are artifacts due to the rotation of the planet during the six minutes between the separate blue, green and red exposures used to make the colour picture.

Image Source: https://www.spacetelescope.org/images/opo9109b/

Curator: ESA/Hubble, Garching bei München, Germany

Image Use Policy: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Object Name
Jupiter
Subject - Solar System
Planet » Type » Gas Giant
Planet » Feature » Atmosphere » Storm
Planet
Esahubble_opo9109b_1280
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ID
opo9109b
Subject Category
A.1.1.2   A.1.2.2.2   A.1  
Subject Name
Jupiter
Credits
NASA/ESA
Lightyears
Redshift
Reference Url
https://www.spacetelescope.org/images/opo9109b/
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Distance Notes
Facility
Instrument
Color Assignment
Band
Bandpass
Central Wavelength
Start Time
Integration Time
Dataset ID
Notes
Coordinate Frame
Equinox
Reference Value
Reference Dimension
2663.0, 2164.0
Reference Pixel
Scale
Rotation
Coordinate System Projection:
Quality
FITS Header
Notes
Creator (Curator)
ESA/Hubble
URL
http://www.spacetelescope.org/
Name
Email
Telephone
Address
Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2
City
Garching bei München
State/Province
Postal Code
D-85748
Country
Germany
Rights
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Publisher
ESA/Hubble
Publisher ID
esahubble
Resource ID
opo9109b
Metadata Date
2003-12-09T17:34:41+01:00
Metadata Version
1.1
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Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

 

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There is no distance meta data in this image.