Dawn of a new era for Supernova 1987A

Eso_potw1709a_500

eso_potw1709a February 27th, 2017

Credit: ALMA: ESO/NAOJ/NRAO/A. Angelich Hubble: NASA, ESA, R. Kirshner (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation) and P. Challis (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics) Chandra: NASA/CXC/Penn State/K. Frank et al.

Three decades ago, astronomers spotted one of the brightest supernovae in more than 400 years. The stellar explosion, SN 1987A, blazed with the power of 100 million suns for several months after its discovery on 23 February 1987. Located in the Large Magellanic Cloud, one of the Milky Ways satellite galaxies, SN 1987A was the nearest supernova explosion observed in centuries and it quickly became the best studied supernova of all time. Over the last thirty years, detailed follow-up observations with telescopes both in space and on the ground have allowed astronomers to study the death throes of a massive star in unprecedented detail, from star to supernova to supernova remnant, revolutionising our understanding of these explosive events. With its superb sensitivity at millimetre and submillimetre wavelengths, the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) has been exploring previously unstudied aspects of SN 1987A since 2013. Astronomers are using ALMA to observe the glowing remains of the supernova in high resolution, studying how the remnant is making vast amounts of dust from the new elements created in the progenitor star. A portion of this dust will make its way into interstellar space and may one day be the material from which future planets around other stars are made. These observations suggest that dust in the early Universe was created by similar supernova explosions. The composite image presented here combines observations made with ALMA, the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope and NASAs Chandra X-Ray observatory. Links ALMA press release Hubble pres release

Image Source: https://www.eso.org/public/images/potw1709a/

Curator: European Southern Observatory, Garching bei München, Germany

Image Use Policy: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Object Name
SN 1987A
Subject - Milky Way
Star » Evolutionary Stage » Supernova
Nebula » Type » Supernova Remnant
Eso_potw1709a_128
 

Position Details

Position (ICRS)
RA = 5h 35m 28.2s
DEC = -69° 16’ 10.9”
Orientation
North is 0.1° CW
Field of View
0.1 x 0.1 arcminutes
Constellation
Dorado
Eso_potw1709a_1280
×
ID
potw1709a
Subject Category
B.3.1.8   B.4.1.4  
Subject Name
SN 1987A
Credits
ALMA: ESO/NAOJ/NRAO/A. Angelich Hubble: NASA, ESA, R. Kirshner (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation) and P. Challis (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics) Chandra: NASA/CXC/Penn State/K. Frank et al.
Lightyears
Redshift
Reference Url
https://www.eso.org/public/images/potw1709a/
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Distance Notes
Facility
Instrument
Color Assignment
Band
Bandpass
Central Wavelength
Start Time
2012-08-25T08:53
Integration Time
Dataset ID
Notes
Coordinate Frame
ICRS
Equinox
J2000
Reference Value
83.867537416, -69.2696945379
Reference Dimension
2000.0, 2000.0
Reference Pixel
1000.0, 1000.0
Scale
-9.10096401374e-07, 9.10096401374e-07
Rotation
-0.079999999999907589
Coordinate System Projection:
TAN
Quality
Full
FITS Header
Notes
Creator (Curator)
European Southern Observatory
URL
http://www.eso.org
Name
Email
Telephone
Address
Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2
City
Garching bei München
State/Province
Postal Code
D-85748
Country
Germany
Rights
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Publisher
European Southern Observatory
Publisher ID
eso
Resource ID
potw1709a
Metadata Date
2017-06-02T16:32:38.269427
Metadata Version
1.1
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Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

 

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There is no distance meta data in this image.