NuSTAR's View of Galaxy NGC 1068

Nustar_nustar151217a_500

nustar_nustar151217a December 17th, 2015

Credit: NASA/ESA/JPL-Caltech/Roma Tre Univ.

Galaxy NGC 1068 is shown in visible light and X-rays in this composite image. High-energy X-rays (magenta) captured by NASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, or NuSTAR, are overlaid on visible-light images from both NASA's Hubble Space Telescope and the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. The X-ray light is coming from an active supermassive black hole, also known as a quasar, in the center of the galaxy. This supermassive black hole has been extensively studied due to its relatively close proximity to our galaxy. NGC 1068 is about 47 million light-years away in the constellation Cetus.

The supermassive black hole is also one of the most obscured known, blanketed by thick clouds of gas and dust. NuSTAR's high-energy X-ray view is the first to penetrate the walls of this black hole's hidden lair.

Image Source:

Curator: NuSTAR: Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, Pasadena, CA

Image Use Policy: http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/imagepolicy/

Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Object Name
Messier 77 M77 NGC 1068
Subject - Local Universe
Galaxy » Type » Spiral
Galaxy » Activity » AGN

Distance

Universescale2
47,000,000 light years
Nustar_nustar151217a_128
 

Position Details

Position (ICRS)
RA = 2h 42m 40.7s
DEC = 0° 0’ 47.8”
Orientation
North is 90.0° CW
Field of View
6.0 x 6.0 arcminutes
Constellation
Cetus

Color Mapping

  Telescope Spectral Band Wavelength
Arrow_left_cyan Hubble (WFPC2) Optical (V) 606.0 nm
Arrow_left_red Hubble (ACS) Optical (H-alpha) 658.0 nm
Arrow_left_orange Hubble (ACS) Infrared (I) 814.0 nm
Arrow_left_blue SDSS Optical (G) 550.0 nm
Arrow_left_green SDSS Optical (R) 700.0 nm
Arrow_left_red SDSS Infrared (I) 814.0 nm
Arrow_left_magenta NuSTAR X-ray 124.0 pm
Spectrum_xray1
Arrow_top_cyan
Arrow_top_red
Arrow_top_orange
Arrow_top_blue
Arrow_top_green
Arrow_top_red
Arrow_top_magenta
Nustar_nustar151217a_1280
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ID
nustar151217a
Subject Category
C.5.1.1   C.5.3.2  
Subject Name
Messier 77, M77, NGC 1068
Credits
NASA/ESA/JPL-Caltech/Roma Tre Univ.
Lightyears
47,000,000
Redshift
0.003793
Reference Url
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Good
Distance Notes
Facility
Hubble, Hubble, Hubble, SDSS, SDSS, SDSS, NuSTAR
Instrument
WFPC2, ACS, ACS
Color Assignment
Cyan, Red, Orange, Blue, Green, Red, Magenta
Band
Optical, Optical, Infrared, Optical, Optical, Infrared, X-ray
Bandpass
V, H-alpha, I, G, R, I
Central Wavelength
606, 658, 814, 550, 700, 814, 0.12398
Start Time
Integration Time
Dataset ID
Notes
Coordinate Frame
ICRS
Equinox
2000.0
Reference Value
40.66963000000, -0.01328000000
Reference Dimension
2880.00, 2880.00
Reference Pixel
1438.16061700004, 1440.19096846883
Scale
-0.00003472993, 0.00003472993
Rotation
-90.02568530666
Coordinate System Projection:
TAN
Quality
Full
FITS Header
Notes
World Coordinate System resolved using PinpointWCS 0.9.2 revision 218+ by the Chandra X-ray Center
Creator (Curator)
NuSTAR: Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array
URL
http://www.nustar.caltech.edu
Name
Email
Telephone
Address
City
Pasadena
State/Province
CA
Postal Code
Country
Rights
http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/imagepolicy/
Publisher
Publisher ID
nustar
Resource ID
Resource URL
/image/nustar/nustar151217a
Related Resources
Metadata Date
2015-12-17T21:17:07Z
Metadata Version
1.2
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Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

 

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Universescalefull
47,000,000 light years