Super-Starburst Galaxy: J100054_023436

Spitzer_ssc2008-12a1_500

spitzer_ssc2008-12a1 July 10th, 2008

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Subaru/STScI

The green and red splotch in this image is the most active star-making galaxy in the very distant universe. Nicknamed "Baby Boom," the galaxy is churning out an average of up to 4,000 stars per year, more than 10 times the number produced in our own Milky Way galaxy. It was spotted 12.3 billion light-years away by a suite of telescopes, including NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope.

Baby Boom is a type of galaxy called a starburst. Like some other starbursts, it is thought to be a collection of colliding galaxies. As the galaxies smash together, gas becomes compressed, triggering the birth of stars. In this multi-wavelength portrait, the color red shows where loads of new stars are forming in Baby Boom, and where warm dust heated by the stars is giving off infrared light.

Green (visible-light wavelengths) denotes gas in the Baby Boom galaxy, while blue (also visible light) shows galaxies in the foreground that are not producing nearly as many stars. Yellow/orange (near-infrared light) indicates starlight from the outer portion of Baby Boom. The red blob to the left is another foreground galaxy that is not producing a lot of stars.

This composite contains data from NASA's Hubble Space Telescope, Spitzer and Japan's Subaru Telescope in Hawaii.

Image Source: http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/images/1933-ssc2008-12a1-Super-Starburst-Galaxy-J100054-023436

Curator: Spitzer Space Telescope, Pasadena, CA, USA

Image Use Policy: Public Domain

Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Object Name
J100054_023436
Subject - Distant Universe
Galaxy » Type » Interacting
Galaxy » Activity » Starburst

Distance

Universescale3
12,300,000,000 light years
Spitzer_ssc2008-12a1_128
 

Position Details

Position (ICRS)
RA = 10h 0m 27.9s
DEC = 2° 12’ 3.5”
Orientation
North is up
Field of View
0.2 x 0.2 arcminutes
Constellation
Sextans

Color Mapping

  Telescope Spectral Band Wavelength
Arrow_left_blue Subaru Optical (B-band) 446.0 nm
Arrow_left_cyan Subaru Optical (V-Band) 548.0 nm
Arrow_left_green Subaru Infrared (I-band) 764.0 nm
Arrow_left_yellow Subaru Infrared (Z-band) 904.0 nm
Arrow_left_yellow Hubble (ACS) Infrared (F814W) 814.0 nm
Arrow_left_orange Spitzer (IRAC) Infrared (Near-IR) 3.6 µm
Arrow_left_red Spitzer (IRAC) Infrared (Near-IR) 4.5 µm
Spectrum_base
Arrow_top_blue
Arrow_top_cyan
Arrow_top_green
Arrow_top_yellow
Arrow_top_yellow
Arrow_top_orange
Arrow_top_red
Spitzer_ssc2008-12a1_1280
×
ID
ssc2008-12a1
Subject Category
D.5.1.7   D.5.3.3  
Subject Name
J100054_023436
Credits
NASA/JPL-Caltech/Subaru/STScI
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Good
Distance Notes
press release
Facility
Subaru, Subaru, Subaru, Subaru, Hubble, Spitzer, Spitzer
Instrument
-, -, -, -, ACS, IRAC, IRAC
Color Assignment
Blue, Cyan, Green, Yellow, Yellow, Orange, Red
Band
Optical, Optical, Infrared, Infrared, Infrared, Infrared, Infrared
Bandpass
B-band, V-Band, I-band, Z-band, F814W, Near-IR, Near-IR
Central Wavelength
446, 548, 764, 904, 814, 3600, 4500
Start Time
Integration Time
-, -, 1, 1, 1, 1, -, 1
Dataset ID
Notes
Coordinate Frame
ICRS
Equinox
J2000
Reference Value
150.1163213, 2.200973097
Reference Dimension
80, 80
Reference Pixel
2715.5, -6159
Scale
-4.16666670000000e-05, 4.16666670000000e-05
Rotation
0
Coordinate System Projection:
TAN
Quality
Position
FITS Header
Notes
Creator (Curator)
Spitzer Space Telescope
URL
http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu
Name
Email
Telephone
Address
1200 E. California Blvd.
City
Pasadena
State/Province
CA
Postal Code
91125
Country
USA
Rights
Public Domain
Publisher
Spitzer Science Center
Publisher ID
spitzer
Resource ID
ssc2008-12a1.tif
Metadata Date
2011-09-02
Metadata Version
1.1
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Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

 

×
Universescalefull
12,300,000,000 light years