Crab Nebula: a Dead Star Creates Celestial Havoc

Stsci_stsci-prc-2005-37-b_500

stsci_STScI-PRC-2005-37-b December 1st, 2005

Credit: NASA, ESA, CXC, JPL-Caltech, J. Hester and A. Loll (Arizona State Univ.), R. Gehrz (Univ. Minn.), and STScI

This composite image of the Crab Nebula uses data from three of NASA's Great Observatories. The Chandra X-ray image is shown in light blue, the Hubble Space Telescope optical images are in green and dark blue, and the Spitzer Space Telescope's infrared image is in red. The size of the X-ray image is smaller than the others because the outwardly streaming higher-energy electrons emitting X-ray light radiate away their energy more quickly than the lower-energy electrons emitting optical and infrared light. The neutron star, which has the mass equivalent to the sun crammed into a rapidly spinning ball of neutrons twelve miles across, is the bright white dot in the center of the image.

Image Source: http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/releases/2005/37/image/b

Image Use Policy: http://hubblesite.org/copyright/

Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Subject - Milky Way
Star » Evolutionary Stage » Neutron Star » Pulsar
Mission Graphics » Infrared Imagery

Distance

Universescale1
6,500 light years

Color Mapping

  Telescope Spectral Band Wavelength
Arrow_left_red Hubble (WFPC2) Optical ([O III]) 502.0 nm
Arrow_left_blue Hubble (WFPC2) Optical ([O I]) 631.0 nm
Arrow_left_green Hubble (WFPC2) Optical ([S II]) 673.0 nm
Arrow_left_blue Chandra (ACIS) X-Ray (X-Ray) -
Arrow_left_red Spitzer (MIPS) Infrared (Mid-IR) -
Spectrum_xray1w
Arrow_top_red
Arrow_top_blue
Arrow_top_green
Stsci_stsci-prc-2005-37-b_1280
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ID
STScI-PRC-2005-37-b
Subject Category
B.3.1.9.1, B.4.1.4   X.Star.Neutron Star.Pulsar, Nebula.Supernova Remnant  
Subject Name
Credits
NASA, ESA, CXC, JPL-Caltech, J. Hester and A. Loll (Arizona State Univ.), R. Gehrz (Univ. Minn.), and STScI
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Good
Distance Notes
The distance to NGC 1952 is 6500 light-years (2.0 kpc)
Facility
Hubble, Hubble, Hubble, Chandra, Spitzer
Instrument
WFPC2, WFPC2, WFPC2, ACIS, MIPS
Color Assignment
Red, Blue, Green, Blue, Red
Band
Optical, Optical, Optical, X-Ray, Infrared
Bandpass
[O III], [O I], [S II], X-Ray, Mid-IR
Central Wavelength
502, 631, 673, -, -
Start Time
1999-10-11, 1999-10-11, 1999-10-11, -, -
Integration Time
41600, 31200, 20800, -, -
Dataset ID
U5D10705R,U5D10706R,U5D10305R,U5D10306R,U5D10205R,U5D10206R,U5D10105R,U5D10106R,U5D10505R,U5D10506R,U5D10605R,U5D10606R,U5D10405R,U5D10406R,U5D10805M,U5D10806M, U5D10702R,U5D10703R,U5D10704R,U5D10302R,U5D10303R,U5D10304R,U5D10202R,U5D10203R,U5D10204R,U5D10102R,U5D10103R,U5D10104R,U5D10502R,U5D10503R,U5D10504R,U5D10602R,U5D10603R,U5D10604R,U5D10402R,U5D10403R,U5D10404R,U5D10802M,U5D10803M,U5D10804M, U5D10707R,U5D10708R,U5D10307R,U5D10308M,U5D10207R,U5D10208R,U5D10107R,U5D10108R,U5D10507R,U5D10508R,U5D10607R,U5D10608R,U5D10407R,U5D10408R,U5D10807M,U5D10808M, -, -
Notes
Coordinate Frame
Equinox
Reference Value
Reference Dimension
Reference Pixel
Scale
Rotation
Coordinate System Projection:
Quality
FITS Header
Notes
Creator (Curator)
URL
http://hubblesite.org
Name
Space Telescope Science Institute Office of Public Outreach
Email
outreach@stsci.edu
Telephone
410-338-4444
Address
3700 San Martin Drive
City
Baltimore
State/Province
MD
Postal Code
21218
Country
USA
Rights
http://hubblesite.org/copyright/
Publisher
STScI
Publisher ID
stsci
Resource ID
hs-2005-37-b-full-tif.tif
Resource URL
http://archive.stsci.edu/pub/stpr/hs-2005-37-b-full-tif.tif
Related Resources
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/releases/2005/37
Metadata Date
2014-08-12
Metadata Version
1.2
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Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

 

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Universescalefull
6,500 light years