NASA's Great Observatories Provide a Detailed View of Kepler's Supernova Remnant

Chandra_233_1024

chandra_233 December 10th, 2006

Credit: NASA/ESA/JHU/R.Sankrit & W.Blair

This composite Chandra X-ray (blue and green), Hubble Space Telescope optical (yellow), and Spitzer Space Telescope infrared (red) image shows a cloud of gas and dust that is 14 light years in diameter and expanding at 4 million miles per hour (2,000 kilometers per second). The optical image reveals 10,000 degrees Celsius gas where the supernova shock wave is slamming into the densest regions of surrounding gas. The infrared image highlights microscopic dust particles swept up and heated by the supernova shock wave. The X-ray data show regions with multimillion degree gas, or extremely high energy particles. The higher-energy X-rays (colored blue) come primarily from the regions directly behind the shock front. Lower-energy X-rays (colored green) mark the location of the hot remains of the exploded star.

Image Source: http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2004/kepler/

Curator: Chandra X-ray Observatory, Cambridge, MA, USA

Image Use Policy: http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/image_use.html

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Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Object Name
Kepler's Supernova Remnant SN 1604 G004.5+06.8 V 843 Ophiuchi
Subject - Milky Way
Nebula > Type > Supernova Remnant
Star > Evolutionary Stage > Supernova

Distance

Universescale1
13,000 light years
Chandra_233_128
 

Position Details

Position (ICRS)
RA = 17h 30m 41.5s
DEC = -21° 29’ 31.2”
Orientation
North is 360.6° CCW
Field of View
5.0 x 5.0 arcminutes
Constellation
Ophiuchus

Color Mapping

  Telescope Spectral Band Wavelength
Arrow_left_blue Chandra (ACIS) X-ray (Hard X-ray) 248.0 pm
Arrow_left_green Chandra (ACIS) X-ray (Soft X-ray) 826.7 pm
Arrow_left_yellow Hubble (WFPC2) Optical (H-alpha) 656.0 nm
Arrow_left_red Spitzer (IRAC) Infrared (Mid-IR) 8.0 µm
Multiple image collage; colors correspond to main image; DatasetID refers to Chandra data
Spectrum_xray1
Arrow_top_blue
Arrow_top_green
Arrow_top_yellow
Arrow_top_red
Chandra_233_1280
×
ID
233
Subject Category
B.4.1.4   B.3.1.8  
Subject Name
Kepler's Supernova Remnant, SN 1604, G004.5+06.8, V 843 Ophiuchi
Credits
NASA/ESA/JHU/R.Sankrit & W.Blair
Release Date
2006-12-10
Lightyears
13,000
Redshift
13,000
Reference Url
http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2004/kepler/
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Good
Distance Notes
Facility
Chandra, Chandra, Hubble, Spitzer
Instrument
ACIS, ACIS, WFPC2, IRAC
Color Assignment
Blue, Green, Yellow, Red
Band
X-ray, X-ray, Optical, Infrared
Bandpass
Hard X-ray, Soft X-ray, H-alpha, Mid-IR
Central Wavelength
0.248, 0.8267, 656, 8000
Start Time
Integration Time
Dataset ID
116
Notes
M
Coordinate Frame
ICRS
Equinox
J2000
Reference Value
262.672995213582, -21.491993521178529
Reference Dimension
750, 750
Reference Pixel
375, 375
Scale
-0.00011065347259054809, 0.00011065347259054809
Rotation
360.60752577020992
Coordinate System Projection:
TAN
Quality
Position
FITS Header
Notes
Creator (Curator)
Chandra X-ray Observatory
URL
http://chandra.harvard.edu
Name
Chandra X-ray Observatory Center
Email
cxcpub@cfa.harvard.edu
Telephone
617.496.7941
Address
60 Garden St.
City
Cambridge
State/Province
MA
Postal Code
02138
Country
USA
Rights
http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/image_use.html
Publisher
Chandra X-ray Observatory Center
Publisher ID
chandra
Resource ID
kepler_comp_panel.tif
Metadata Date
2012-07-30T15:25:44-04:00
Metadata Version
1.2
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Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

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Universescalefull
13,000 light years