Precocious Supermassive Black Holes Challenge Theories

Chandra_237_1024

chandra_237 December 11th, 2022

Credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/D.Schwartz & S.Virani; Illustration: CXC/M.Weiss

The X-rays in Chandra's image (inset) of this distant quasar have taken 12.7 billion light years to reach Earth, only a billion years less than the estimated 13.7 billion-year-age of the Universe. Chandra's data on the distribution of X-rays with energy are evidence that the supermassive black hole that powers this quasar is fully grown and must have formed surprisingly quickly after the Big Bang. The accompanying illustration shows how these high-energy X-rays might be produced as material from a large torus of gas and dust in the center of a galaxy swirls toward a black hole. Collisions of low-energy optical, ultraviolet and X-ray photons from the accretion disk with the hot electrons in the corona boost the energy of the photons up to the high-energy X-ray range. (The object in the upper left of the Chandra image is a foreground galaxy.)

Image Source: http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2004/j1306/

Curator: Chandra X-ray Observatory, Cambridge, MA, USA

Image Use Policy: http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/image_use.html

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Image Details

Image Type
Collage
Object Name
SDSSp J1306
Subject - Distant Universe
Galaxy > Activity > AGN > Quasar
Galaxy > Component > Central Black Hole

Distance

Universescale3
12,700,000,000 light years

Position Details

Position (ICRS)
RA = 13h 6m 8.1s
DEC = 3° 56’ 8.9”
Constellation
Virgo
Chandra_237_1280
×
ID
237
Subject Category
D.5.3.2.1   D.5.4.6  
Subject Name
SDSSp J1306
Credits
X-ray: NASA/CXC/D.Schwartz & S.Virani; Illustration: CXC/M.Weiss
Release Date
2022-12-11
Lightyears
12,700,000,000
Redshift
5.99
Reference Url
http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2004/j1306/
Type
Collage
Image Quality
Good
Distance Notes
Facility
Instrument
Color Assignment
Band
Bandpass
Central Wavelength
Start Time
Integration Time
Dataset ID
Notes
Coordinate Frame
ICRS
Equinox
J2000
Reference Value
196.5335976, 3.9358189
Reference Dimension
Reference Pixel
Scale
Rotation
Coordinate System Projection:
Quality
Position
FITS Header
Notes
Creator (Curator)
Chandra X-ray Observatory
URL
http://chandra.harvard.edu
Name
Chandra X-ray Observatory Center
Email
cxcpub@cfa.harvard.edu
Telephone
617.496.7941
Address
60 Garden St.
City
Cambridge
State/Province
MA
Postal Code
02138
Country
USA
Rights
http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/image_use.html
Publisher
Chandra X-ray Observatory Center
Publisher ID
chandra
Resource ID
j1306_xray_ill.tif
Metadata Date
2013-09-05T15:36:34-04:00
Metadata Version
1.2
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Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

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Universescalefull
12,700,000,000 light years