The Hot Remains of a 1000 Year-Old Supernova

Chandra_312_1024

chandra_312 December 15th, 2005

Credit: NASA/CXC/Rutgers/J.Hughes et al.

Chandra's image of SN 1006 shows X-rays from multimillion degree gas (red/green) and high-energy electrons (blue). In the year 1006 a "new star" appeared in the sky and in just a few days it became brighter than the planet Venus. We now know that the event heralded not the appearance of a new star, but the cataclysmic death of an old one. It was likely a white dwarf star that had been pulling matter off an orbiting companion star. When the white dwarf mass exceeded the stability limit (known as the Chandrasekhar limit), it exploded. Material ejected in the supernova produced tremendous shock waves that heated gas to millions of degrees and accelerated electrons to extremely high energies.

Image Source: http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2005/sn1006/

Curator: Chandra X-ray Observatory, Cambridge, MA, USA

Image Use Policy: http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/image_use.html

Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Object Name
SN 1006 SNR 327.6+14.6
Subject - Milky Way
Nebula > Type > Supernova Remnant

Distance

Universescale1
7,000 light years
Chandra_312_128
 

Position Details

Position (ICRS)
RA = 15h 2m 57.4s
DEC = -42° 0’ 39.3”
Orientation
North is 0.4° CCW
Field of View
37.8 x 37.8 arcminutes
Constellation
Centaurus

Color Mapping

  Telescope Spectral Band Wavelength
Arrow_left_red Chandra (ACIS) X-ray (Soft X-ray) 1.76 nm
Arrow_left_cyan Chandra (ACIS) X-ray (Medium X-ray) 1.1 nm
Arrow_left_blue Chandra (ACIS) X-ray (Hard X-ray) 570.0 pm
Spectrum_xray1
Arrow_top_red
Arrow_top_cyan
Arrow_top_blue
Chandra_312_1280
×
ID
312
Subject Category
B.4.1.4.  
Subject Name
SN 1006, SNR 327.6+14.6
Credits
NASA/CXC/Rutgers/J.Hughes et al.
Release Date
2005-12-15
Lightyears
7,000
Redshift
7,000
Reference Url
http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2005/sn1006/
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Good
Distance Notes
Facility
Chandra, Chandra, Chandra
Instrument
ACIS, ACIS, ACIS
Color Assignment
Red, Cyan, Blue
Band
X-ray, X-ray, X-ray
Bandpass
Soft X-ray, Medium X-ray, Hard X-ray
Central Wavelength
1.76, 1.10, 0.57
Start Time
Integration Time
Dataset ID
Notes
Coordinate Frame
ICRS
Equinox
2000.0
Reference Value
225.73913570000, -42.01092148000
Reference Dimension
2400.00, 2400.00
Reference Pixel
1115.67012609704, 908.00620940025
Scale
-0.00026275050, 0.00026275050
Rotation
0.37226513936
Coordinate System Projection:
TAN
Quality
Full
FITS Header
Notes
World Coordinate System resolved using PinpointWCS 0.9.0 revision 213+ by the Chandra X-ray Center
Creator (Curator)
Chandra X-ray Observatory
URL
http://chandra.harvard.edu
Name
Chandra X-ray Observatory Center
Email
cxcpub@cfa.harvard.edu
Telephone
617.496.7941
Address
60 Garden St.
City
Cambridge
State/Province
MA
Postal Code
02138
Country
USA
Rights
http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/image_use.html
Publisher
Chandra X-ray Observatory Center
Publisher ID
chandra
Resource ID
sn1006.tif
Metadata Date
2012-07-26T11:49:32-04:00
Metadata Version
1.0
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Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

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Universescalefull
7,000 light years