The Spirit of Halloween Lives on as a Dead Star Creates Celestia

Chandra_335_1024

chandra_335 October 24th, 2006

Credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/ASU/J.Hester et al.; Optical: NASA/ESA/ASU/J.Hester & A.Loll; Infrared: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. Minn./R.Gehrz

The supernova that produced the Crab Nebula was detected by naked-eye observers around the world in 1054 A.D. This composite image uses data from NASAs Great Observatories, Chandra, Hubble, and Spitzer, to show that a superdense neutron star is energizing the expanding Nebula by spewing out magnetic fields and a blizzard of extremely high-energy particles. The Chandra X-ray image is shown in light blue, the Hubble Space Telescope optical images are in green and dark blue, and the Spitzer Space Telescopes infrared image is in red. The size of the X-ray image is smaller than the others because ultrahigh-energy X-ray emitting electrons radiate away their energy more quickly than the lower-energy electrons emitting optical and infrared light. The neutron star is the bright white dot in the center of the image.

Image Source: http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2006/crab/

Curator: Chandra X-ray Observatory, Cambridge, MA, USA

Image Use Policy: http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/image_use.html

Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Object Name
Crab Nebula
Subject - Milky Way
Nebula > Type > Supernova Remnant
Star > Evolutionary Stage > Neutron Star > Pulsar

Distance

Universescale1
6,500 light years
Chandra_335_128
 

Position Details

Position (ICRS)
RA = 5h 34m 31.9s
DEC = 22° 1’ 1.9”
Orientation
North is 0.2° CCW
Field of View
8.1 x 7.4 arcminutes
Constellation
Taurus

Color Mapping

  Telescope Spectral Band Wavelength
Arrow_left_blue Chandra (ACIS) X-ray (X-ray) 826.7 pm
Arrow_left_cyan Hubble (WFPC2) Optical (O-III) 500.0 nm
Arrow_left_green Hubble (WFPC2) Optical (H-alpha) 656.0 nm
Arrow_left_red Spitzer (MIPS) Infrared (Mid-IR) 24.0 µm
Spectrum_xray1
Arrow_top_blue
Arrow_top_cyan
Arrow_top_green
Arrow_top_red
Chandra_335_1280
×
ID
335
Subject Category
B.4.1.4.   B.3.1.9.1.  
Subject Name
Crab Nebula
Credits
X-ray: NASA/CXC/ASU/J.Hester et al.; Optical: NASA/ESA/ASU/J.Hester & A.Loll; Infrared: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. Minn./R.Gehrz
Release Date
2006-10-24
Lightyears
6,500
Redshift
6,500
Reference Url
http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2006/crab/
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Good
Distance Notes
Facility
Chandra, Hubble, Hubble, Spitzer
Instrument
ACIS, WFPC2, WFPC2, MIPS
Color Assignment
Blue, Cyan, Green, Red
Band
X-ray, Optical, Optical, Infrared
Bandpass
X-ray, O-III, H-alpha, Mid-IR
Central Wavelength
0.8267, 500, 656, 24000
Start Time
Integration Time
Dataset ID
2001, -, -, -
Notes
Coordinate Frame
ICRS
Equinox
J2000
Reference Value
83.633107254567292, 22.017190835488115
Reference Dimension
2448.0, 2244.0
Reference Pixel
1225, 1123
Scale
-5.5317E-05, 5.5317E-05
Rotation
0.2
Coordinate System Projection:
TAN
Quality
Full
FITS Header
Notes
Creator (Curator)
Chandra X-ray Observatory
URL
http://chandra.harvard.edu
Name
Chandra X-ray Observatory Center
Email
cxcpub@cfa.harvard.edu
Telephone
617.496.7941
Address
60 Garden St.
City
Cambridge
State/Province
MA
Postal Code
02138
Country
USA
Rights
http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/image_use.html
Publisher
Chandra X-ray Observatory Center
Publisher ID
chandra
Resource ID
crab.tif
Metadata Date
2012-07-26T13:48:05-04:00
Metadata Version
1.2
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Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

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Universescalefull
6,500 light years