A Nearby Galaxy Metropolis

Chandra_400_1024

chandra_400 August 5th, 2008

Credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/CfA/W. Forman et al.; Radio: NRAO/AUI/NSF/W. Cotton; Optical: NASA/ESA/Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA), and R. Gendler

This image is a composite of visible, radio, and X-ray data of the giant elliptical galaxy, M87. Bright jets moving at close to the speed of light are seen at all wavelengths coming from the massive black hole at the center of the galaxy. M87 is a powerful source of X-rays, as observed by Chandra, as it resides near the center of a hot, X-ray emitting cloud that extends over much of the Virgo cluster. M87 has also been identified with the strong radio source, Virgo A. The extended radio emission consists of plumes of fast-moving gas from the jets rising into the X-ray emitting cluster medium.

Provider: Chandra X-ray Observatory

Image Source: http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2008/m87/

Curator: Chandra X-ray Observatory, Cambridge, MA, USA

Image Use Policy: http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/image_use.html

Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Object Name
M87
Subject - Local Universe
Galaxy > Component > Central Black Hole
Galaxy > Type > Elliptical

Distance

Universescale2
50,000,000 light years
Chandra_400_128
 

Position Details

Position (ICRS)
RA = 12h 30m 48.4s
DEC = 12° 22’ 56.6”
Orientation
North is up
Field of View
11.0 x 10.6 arcminutes
Constellation
Virgo

Color Mapping

  Telescope Spectral Band Wavelength
Blue Chandra (ACIS) X-ray 826.7 pm
Red VLA (VLA) Radio (P-band) 900.0 mm
Red Hubble (ACS) Infrared (I-band) 814.0 nm
Green Hubble (ACS) Optical (V-band) 606.0 nm
Blue Hubble (ACS) Optical (g-band) 475.0 nm
Spectrum_xray2
Blue
Red
Red
Green
Blue
Chandra_400_1280
×
ID
400
Subject Category
C.5.4.6   C.5.1.4  
Subject Name
M87
Credits
X-ray: NASA/CXC/CfA/W. Forman et al.; Radio: NRAO/AUI/NSF/W. Cotton; Optical: NASA/ESA/Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA), and R. Gendler
Release Date
2008-08-05
Lightyears
50,000,000.0
Redshift
50,000,000.0
Reference Url
http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2008/m87/
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Good
Distance Notes
Facility
Chandra, VLA, Hubble, Hubble, Hubble
Instrument
ACIS, VLA, ACS, ACS, ACS
Color Assignment
Blue, Red, Red, Green, Blue
Band
X-ray, Radio, Infrared, Optical, Optical
Bandpass
-, P-band, I-band, V-band, g-band
Central Wavelength
0.8267, 9e8, 814, 606, 475
Start Time
Integration Time
Dataset ID
Notes
Coordinate Frame
ICRS
Equinox
2000.0
Reference Value
187.70151717, 12.382383119
Reference Dimension
3000.0, 2905.0
Reference Pixel
1559.16043475, 1867.02585151
Scale
-6.093684e-05, 6.093684e-05
Rotation
0.04344514038
Coordinate System Projection:
TAN
Quality
Full
FITS Header
Notes
World Coordinate System resolved using PinpointWCS 0.9.0 revision 213+ by the Chandra X-ray Center
Creator (Curator)
Chandra X-ray Observatory
URL
http://chandra.harvard.edu
Name
Chandra X-ray Observatory Center
Email
cxcpub@cfa.harvard.edu
Telephone
617.496.7941
Address
60 Garden St.
City
Cambridge
State/Province
MA
Postal Code
02138
Country
USA
Rights
http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/image_use.html
Publisher
Chandra X-ray Observatory Center
Publisher ID
chandra
Resource ID
m87.tif
Resource URL
http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2008/m87/m87.tif
Related Resources
Metadata Date
2012-04-03T16:47:52-04:00
Metadata Version
1.2
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Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

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Universescalefull
50,000,000 light years