Composite infrared and radio image of 30 Doradus

Eso_eso2209a_1024

eso_eso2209a June 15th, 2022

Credit: ESO, ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO)/Wong et al., ESO/M.-R. Cioni/VISTA Magellanic Cloud survey. Acknowledgment: Cambridge Astronomical Survey Unit

This composite image shows the star-forming region 30 Doradus, also known as the Tarantula Nebula. The background image, taken in the infrared, is itself a composite: it was captured by the HAWK-I instrument on ESO’s Very Large Telescope (VLT) and the Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy (VISTA), shows bright stars and light, pinkish clouds of hot gas. The bright red-yellow streaks that have been superimposed on the image come from radio observations taken by the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), revealing regions of cold, dense gas which have the potential to collapse and form stars. The unique web-like structure of the gas clouds led astronomers to the nebula’s spidery nickname.

Provider: European Southern Observatory

Image Source: https://www.eso.org/public/images/eso2209a/

Curator: European Southern Observatory, Garching bei München, None, Germany

Image Use Policy: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Object Name
30 Doradus Tarantula Nebula
Subject - Local Universe
Nebula > Type > Star Formation
Eso_eso2209a_128
 

Position Details

Position (ICRS)
RA = 5h 38m 45.2s
DEC = -69° 4’ 37.1”
Orientation
North is 90.1° CW
Field of View
8.3 x 6.6 arcminutes
Constellation
Dorado

Color Mapping

  Telescope Spectral Band Wavelength
Red ALMA (Band 6) Millimeter (12CO) 1.3 mm
Blue VLT (HAWK-I) Infrared (Y) 1.0 µm
Red VLT (HAWK-I) Infrared (Ks) 2.1 µm
Blue Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy (VIRCAM) Infrared (Y) 1.0 µm
Green Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy (VIRCAM) Infrared (J) 1.3 µm
Red Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy (VIRCAM) Infrared (Ks) 2.2 µm
Green VLT (HAWK-I) Infrared (Ks) 2.1 µm
Green VLT (HAWK-I) Infrared (Y) 1.0 µm
Orange ALMA (Band 6) Millimeter (13CO) 1.4 mm
Spectrum_ir1
Red
Blue
Red
Blue
Green
Red
Green
Green
Orange
Eso_eso2209a_1280
×
ID
eso2209a
Subject Category
C.4.1.2  
Subject Name
30 Doradus, Tarantula Nebula
Credits
ESO, ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO)/Wong et al., ESO/M.-R. Cioni/VISTA Magellanic Cloud survey. Acknowledgment: Cambridge Astronomical Survey Unit
Release Date
2022-06-15T19:15:00
Lightyears
Redshift
Reference Url
https://www.eso.org/public/images/eso2209a/
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Distance Notes
Facility
Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, Very Large Telescope, Very Large Telescope, Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy, Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy, Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy, Very Large Telescope, Very Large Telescope, Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array
Instrument
Band 6, HAWK-I, HAWK-I, VIRCAM, VIRCAM, VIRCAM, HAWK-I, HAWK-I, Band 6
Color Assignment
Red, Blue, Red, Blue, Green, Red, Green, Green, Orange
Band
Millimeter, Infrared, Infrared, Infrared, Infrared, Infrared, Infrared, Infrared, Millimeter
Bandpass
12CO, Y, Ks, Y, J, Ks, Ks, Y, 13CO
Central Wavelength
1300000, 1021, 2146, 1020, 1250, 2150, 2146, 1021, 1360000
Start Time
Integration Time
Dataset ID
None, None, None, None, None, None, None, None, None
Notes
Coordinate Frame
ICRS
Equinox
J2000
Reference Value
84.6882172487, -69.0769591487
Reference Dimension
4983.0, 3930.0
Reference Pixel
2491.5, 1965.0
Scale
-2.78286729442e-05, 2.78286729442e-05
Rotation
-90.080000000000041
Coordinate System Projection:
TAN
Quality
Full
FITS Header
Notes
Creator (Curator)
European Southern Observatory
URL
https://www.eso.org
Name
Email
Telephone
Address
Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2
City
Garching bei München
State/Province
None
Postal Code
D-85748
Country
Germany
Rights
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Publisher
European Southern Observatory
Publisher ID
eso
Resource ID
eso2209a
Metadata Date
2022-05-25T16:50:11+02:00
Metadata Version
1.1
×

 

Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

×

There is no distance meta data in this image.