Rose of star formation around distant supermassive black hole

Eso_potw2102a_1024

eso_potw2102a January 11th, 2021

Credit: ESO/TIMER survey

Captured with the MUSE instrument on ESOs Very Large Telescope (VLT), this image of the distant spiral galaxy NGC 1097 shows a textbook example of a star-bursting nuclear ring. Located 45 million light-years away from Earth, in the constellation of Fornax, this ring lies at the very centre of its galaxy. It spans only 5,000 light years across, being dwarfed by the full size of its host galaxy, which extends some tens of thousands of light-years beyond its centre. The darker lanes seen in this MUSE image show dust, gas and debris from the galaxy (or possibly from a satellite galaxy), which are being funnelled into the supermassive black hole at its centre. This process heats up the surrounding matter forming an accretion disc around the black hole and launching huge amounts of energy into the surrounding area. Nearby dust is heated up and star formation accelerates in the area around the supermassive black hole, forming the star-bursting nuclear ring shown in pink and purple tones in the image. MUSE, which stands for Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer, is attached to Yepun, one of the four, 8.2-metre telescopes that make up the VLT at ESOs Paranal Observatory. Its unique design has allowed researchers to map complex mechanisms within many galaxies and analyse the formation of stars and star clusters.

Provider: European Southern Observatory

Image Source: https://www.eso.org/public/images/potw2102a/

Curator: European Southern Observatory, Garching bei München, None, Germany

Image Use Policy: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

View Options

Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Object Name
NGC 1097
Subject - Local Universe
Galaxy > Type > Spiral
Eso_potw2102a_1280
×
ID
potw2102a
Subject Category
C.5.1.1  
Subject Name
NGC 1097
Credits
ESO/TIMER survey
Release Date
2021-01-11T06:00:00
Lightyears
Redshift
Reference Url
https://www.eso.org/public/images/potw2102a/
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Distance Notes
Facility
Instrument
Color Assignment
Band
Bandpass
Central Wavelength
Start Time
Integration Time
Dataset ID
Notes
Coordinate Frame
Equinox
Reference Value
Reference Dimension
628.0, 614.0
Reference Pixel
Scale
Rotation
Coordinate System Projection:
Quality
FITS Header
Notes
Creator (Curator)
European Southern Observatory
URL
https://www.eso.org
Name
Email
Telephone
Address
Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2
City
Garching bei München
State/Province
None
Postal Code
D-85748
Country
Germany
Rights
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Publisher
European Southern Observatory
Publisher ID
eso
Resource ID
potw2102a
Metadata Date
2021-01-04T17:39:22.037074
Metadata Version
1.1
×

 

Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

×

There is no distance meta data in this image.