Black-Hole-Powered Jets Forge Fuel for Star Formation

Nrao_gallery_nrao17cb01_1024

nrao_Gallery_nrao17cb01  

Credit: ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO); H.Russell, et al.; NASA/ESA Hubble; NASA/CXC/MIT/M.McDonald et al.; B. Saxton (NRAO/AUI/NSF)

Composite image showing how powerful radio jets from the supermassive black hole at the center of a galaxy in the Phoenix Cluster inflated huge "bubbles" in the hot, ionized gas surrounding the galaxy (the cavities inside the blue region imaged by NASA's Chandra X-ray observatory). Hugging the outside of these bubbles, ALMA discovered an unexpected trove of cold gas, the fuel for star formation (red). The background image is from the Hubble Space Telescope.

Provider: National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Image Source: /image/nrao/Gallery_nrao17cb01

Curator: NRAO/AUI/NSF, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA

Image Use Policy: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/)

Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Object Name
Phoenix Cluster SPT CL J2344-4243
Subject - Local Universe
Galaxy > Grouping > Cluster

Distance

Universescale3
5,700,000,000 light years
Nrao_gallery_nrao17cb01_128
 

Position Details

Position (ICRS)
RA = 23h 44m 43.8s
DEC = -42° 43’ 14.4”
Orientation
North is 0.5° CW
Field of View
0.4 x 0.4 arcminutes
Constellation
Phoenix

Color Mapping

  Telescope Spectral Band Wavelength
Arrow_left_red ALMA Millimeter (CO(3-2)) 1.4 mm
Arrow_left_yellow ALMA Millimeter (CO(3-2)) 1.4 mm
Arrow_left_red HST (WFC3) Optical (I) 477.3 nm
Arrow_left_green HST (WFC3) Optical (R) 624.2 nm
Arrow_left_blue HST (WFC3) Optical (V) 802.4 nm
Arrow_left_blue Chandra (ACIS) X-ray (X-ray) 826.7 pm
Spectrum_xray2
Arrow_top_red
Arrow_top_yellow
Arrow_top_red
Arrow_top_green
Arrow_top_blue
Arrow_top_blue
Nrao_gallery_nrao17cb01_1280
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ID
Gallery_nrao17cb01
Subject Category
C.5.5.3  
Subject Name
Phoenix Cluster, SPT CL J2344-4243
Credits
ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO); H.Russell, et al.; NASA/ESA Hubble; NASA/CXC/MIT/M.McDonald et al.; B. Saxton (NRAO/AUI/NSF)
Release Date
Lightyears
5.7E+09
Redshift
0.597
Reference Url
/image/nrao/Gallery_nrao17cb01
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Good
Distance Notes
Facility
ALMA, ALMA, HST, HST, HST, Chandra
Instrument
-, -, WFC3, WFC3, WFC3, ACIS
Color Assignment
Red, Yellow, Red, Green, Blue, Blue
Band
Millimeter, Millimeter, Optical, Optical, Optical, X-ray
Bandpass
CO(3-2), CO(3-2), I, R, V, X-ray
Central Wavelength
1.3837e+6, 1.3837e+6, 477.3, 624.2, 802.4, 0.8267
Start Time
2014-06-15T09:17:39.696000, 2014-06-15T09:17:39.696000, -, -, -, -
Integration Time
3510, 3510, 1800, 1800, 1800, 130980
Dataset ID
Notes
Coordinate Frame
ICRS
Equinox
2000.0
Reference Value
356.18242834439, -42.72067075083
Reference Dimension
2550.00, 2550.00
Reference Pixel
1503.08885109314, 1054.16477787604
Scale
-0.00000272914, 0.00000272914
Rotation
-0.46517510023
Coordinate System Projection:
TAN
Quality
Full
FITS Header
Notes
World Coordinate System resolved using PinpointWCS 0.9.2 revision 218+ by the Chandra X-ray Center
Creator (Curator)
NRAO/AUI/NSF
URL
https://public.nrao.edu
Name
NRAO/AUI/NSF
Email
outreach@nrao.edu
Telephone
Address
520 Edgemont Road
City
Charlottesville
State/Province
Virginia
Publisher
NRAO/AUI/NSF
Publisher ID
nrao
Resource ID
Resource URL
/image/nrao/Gallery_nrao17cb01
Related Resources
Metadata Date
2017-02-02T10:58
Metadata Version
1.1
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Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

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Universescalefull
5,700,000,000 light years