Famous Fornax Galaxy

Nrao_nrao_gallery53a_1024

nrao_NRAO_Gallery53a  

Credit: NRAO/AUI/NSF, observers Ed Fomalont (NRAO), Ron Ekers (ATNF), Wil van Breugel (UC-Berkeley), Kate Ebneter (UC-Berkeley)

Fornax A is a galaxy with a very active black hole in its core that is spraying radio waves out into enormous jets. Here, the white glow in the center is the visible galaxy NGC 1316 that you can see through the constellation of Fornax. Notice the wee spiral galaxy above it? These two galaxies are merging, and as gas and dust are stripped out of the small galaxy and poured into the center of NGC 1316, the black hole nestled there spins it up. How do we know this? The huge radio lobes to either side of this merger are the telltale signs that a black hole is being fed more than it can handle. These are the billowing ends of powerful jets shooting out spun-up, escaped material far into space.

Provider: National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Image Source: https://public.nrao.edu/news/observatory-sponsoring-astronomical-image-contest/

Curator: NRAO/AUI/NSF, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA

Image Use Policy: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/)

Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Object Name
Fornax A NGC 1316
Subject - Local Universe
Galaxy > Type > Lenticular

Distance

Universescale2
62,000,000 light years
Nrao_nrao_gallery53a_128
 

Position Details

Position (ICRS)
RA = 3h 22m 41.7s
DEC = -37° 12’ 29.5”
Orientation
North is 0.3° CW
Field of View
1.0 x 1.1 degrees
Constellation
Fornax

Color Mapping

  Telescope Spectral Band Wavelength
Green UK Schmidt - Doubl (Photographic Plate) Infrared (I) 610.0 nm
Red UK Schmidt - Doubl (Photographic Plate) Infrared (I) 715.0 nm
Blue UK Schmidt - Doubl (Photographic Plate) Infrared (I) 395.0 nm
Red VLA Radio (L) 210.0 mm
Spectrum_ir2
Green
Red
Blue
Red
Nrao_nrao_gallery53a_1280
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ID
NRAO_Gallery53a
Subject Category
C.5.1.3  
Subject Name
Fornax A, NGC 1316
Credits
NRAO/AUI/NSF, observers Ed Fomalont (NRAO), Ron Ekers (ATNF), Wil van Breugel (UC-Berkeley), Kate Ebneter (UC-Berkeley)
Release Date
Lightyears
62.0E+6
Redshift
62.0E+6
Reference Url
https://public.nrao.edu/news/observatory-sponsoring-astronomical-image-contest/
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Good
Distance Notes
Facility
UK Schmidt - Doubl, UK Schmidt - Doubl, UK Schmidt - Doubl, VLA
Instrument
Photographic Plate, Photographic Plate, Photographic Plate, -
Color Assignment
Green, Red, Blue, Red
Band
Infrared, Infrared, Infrared, Radio
Bandpass
I, I, I, L
Central Wavelength
610, 715, 395, 2.1E+08
Start Time
1996-10-09T15:52:00, 1995-12-29T11:18:00, 1980-10-05T15:37, -
Integration Time
3600, 4200, 3900, -
Dataset ID
Notes
Coordinate Frame
ICRS
Equinox
2000.0
Reference Value
50.67389500000, -37.20820400000
Reference Dimension
2604, 3000
Reference Pixel
1301.77289224123, 1500.60914552310
Scale
-0.00037165043, 0.00037165043
Rotation
-0.26576365885
Coordinate System Projection:
TAN
Quality
Full
FITS Header
Notes
World Coordinate System resolved using PinpointWCS 0.9.2 revision 218+ by the Chandra X-ray Center
Creator (Curator)
NRAO/AUI/NSF
URL
https://public.nrao.edu
Name
NRAO/AUI/NSF
Email
outreach@nrao.edu
Telephone
Address
520 Edgemont Road
City
Charlottesville
State/Province
Virginia
Publisher
NRAO/AUI/NSF
Publisher ID
nrao
Resource ID
Metadata Date
2018-03-02T12:58:52-05:00
Metadata Version
1.1
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Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

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Universescalefull
62,000,000 light years