Stars Adorn Orion's Sword

Spitzer_ssc2011-06a_1024

spitzer_ssc2011-06a May 26th, 2011

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/T. Megeath (University of Toledo, Ohio)

This image from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope shows what lies near the sword of the constellation Orion -- an active stellar nursery containing thousands of young stars and developing protostars. Many will turn out like our sun. Some are even more massive. These massive stars light up the Orion nebula, which is seen here as the bright region near the center of the image.

To the north of the Orion nebula is a dark filamentary cloud of cold dust and gas, over 5 light-years in length, containing ruby red protostars that jewel the hilt of Orion's sword. These are the newest generation of stars in this stellar nursery, and include the protostar HOPS 68, where Spitzer spotted tiny green crystals in a surrounding cloud of gas.

Provider: Spitzer Space Telescope

Image Source: http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/images/3628-ssc2011-06a-Stars-Adorn-Orion-s-Sword

Curator: Spitzer Space Telescope, Pasadena, CA, USA

Image Use Policy: Public Domain

Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Object Name
Orion Nebula Messier 42 M42 NGC 1976
Subject - Milky Way
Nebula > Type > Star Formation
Nebula > Appearance > Dark
Star > Evolutionary Stage > Protostar

Distance

Universescale1
1,450 light years
Spitzer_ssc2011-06a_128
 

Position Details

Position (ICRS)
RA = 5h 35m 16.3s
DEC = -6° 0’ 51.2”
Orientation
North is up
Field of View
0.8 x 1.4 degrees
Constellation
Orion

Color Mapping

  Telescope Spectral Band Wavelength
Blue Spitzer (IRAC) Infrared (Near-IR) 3.6 µm
Cyan Spitzer (IRAC) Infrared (Near-IR) 4.5 µm
Green Spitzer (IRAC) Infrared (Mid-IR) 8.0 µm
Red Spitzer (MIPS) Infrared (Mid-IR) 24.0 µm
Spectrum_ir1
Blue
Cyan
Green
Red
Spitzer_ssc2011-06a_1280
×
ID
ssc2011-06a
Subject Category
B.4.1.2.   B.4.2.3.   B.3.1.1.  
Subject Name
Orion Nebula, Messier 42, M42, NGC 1976
Credits
NASA/JPL-Caltech/T. Megeath (University of Toledo, Ohio)
Release Date
2011-05-26
Lightyears
1,450
Redshift
1,450
Reference Url
http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/images/3628-ssc2011-06a-Stars-Adorn-Orion-s-Sword
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Good
Distance Notes
Facility
Spitzer, Spitzer, Spitzer, Spitzer
Instrument
IRAC, IRAC, IRAC, MIPS
Color Assignment
Blue, Cyan, Green, Red
Band
Infrared, Infrared, Infrared, Infrared
Bandpass
Near-IR, Near-IR, Mid-IR, Mid-IR
Central Wavelength
3600, 4500, 8000, 24000
Start Time
Integration Time
Dataset ID
Notes
Coordinate Frame
ICRS
Equinox
J2000
Reference Value
83.817861908794939, -6.0142202087620964
Reference Dimension
3220, 6000
Reference Pixel
1314.11547852, 459.24243164
Scale
-0.00023968074797943, 0.00023968074797943
Rotation
-0.0327671586216
Coordinate System Projection:
TAN
Quality
Full
FITS Header
Notes
Creator (Curator)
Spitzer Space Telescope
URL
http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu
Name
Spitzer Space Telescope
Email
Telephone
Address
1200 E. California Blvd.
City
Pasadena
State/Province
CA
Postal Code
91125
Country
USA
Rights
Public Domain
Publisher
Spitzer Science Center
Publisher ID
spitzer
Resource ID
ssc2011-06a.tif
Metadata Date
2011-09-01
Metadata Version
×

 

Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

×
Universescalefull
1,450 light years