Supernova Remnant G54

Spitzer_ssc2018-16a_1024

spitzer_ssc2018-16a November 16th, 2018

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/CXC/ESA/NRAO/J. Rho (SETI Institute)

This image of supernova remnant G54.1+0.3 includes radio, infrared and X-ray light.

The saturated yellow point at the center of the image indicates strong X-ray source at the center of the supernova remnant. This is an incredibly dense object called a neutron star, which can form as a star runs out of fuel to keep it inflated, and the unsupported material collapses down on to the star's core. G54.1+0.3 contains a special type of neutron star called a pulsar, which emits particularly bright radio and X-ray emissions.

The blue and green emissions show the presence of dust, including silica.

The red hues correspond to radio data from the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array; green corresponds to 70 m wavelength infrared light from the European Space Agency's Herschel Space Observatory; blue corresponds to 24 m wavelength infrared light from the Multiband Imaging Photometer (MIPS) instrument on NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope; yellow corresponds to X-ray data from the Chandra X-ray Observatory.

Image Source: http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/images/6560-ssc2018-16a-Supernova-Remnant-G54

Curator: Spitzer Space Telescope, Pasadena, CA, USA

Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Object Name
G54.1+0.3
Subject - Milky Way
Nebula > Type > Supernova Remnant

Distance

Universescale1
20,000 light years
Spitzer_ssc2018-16a_128
 

Position Details

Position (ICRS)
RA = 19h 30m 30.1s
DEC = 18° 52’ 18.6”
Orientation
North is 0.5° CCW
Field of View
6.0 x 6.0 arcminutes
Constellation
Sagitta

Color Mapping

  Telescope Spectral Band Wavelength
Arrow_left_blue Spitzer (MIPS) Infrared 24.0 µm
Arrow_left_green Herschel (PACS) Infrared 70.0 µm
Arrow_left_yellow Chandra X-ray 82.5 pm
Arrow_left_red VLA Radio 67.0 mm
X-ray wavelength is approximate
Spectrum_xray2w
Arrow_top_blue
Arrow_top_green
Arrow_top_yellow
Arrow_top_red
Spitzer_ssc2018-16a_1280
×
ID
ssc2018-16a
Subject Category
B.4.1.4  
Subject Name
G54.1+0.3
Credits
NASA/JPL-Caltech/CXC/ESA/NRAO/J. Rho (SETI Institute)
Release Date
2018-11-16
Lightyears
20,000
Redshift
20,000
Reference Url
http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/images/6560-ssc2018-16a-Supernova-Remnant-G54
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Good
Distance Notes
Facility
Spitzer, Herschel, Chandra, VLA
Instrument
MIPS, PACS
Color Assignment
Blue, Green, Yellow, Red
Band
Infrared, Infrared, X-ray, Radio
Bandpass
Central Wavelength
24000, 70000, 0.0825, 67000000
Start Time
Integration Time
Dataset ID
Notes
X
Coordinate Frame
ICRS
Equinox
J2000
Reference Value
292.6254256, 18.8718215
Reference Dimension
2031.0, 2032.0
Reference Pixel
1016.5, 1017.0
Scale
-4.8864e-05, 4.8864e-05
Rotation
0.52
Coordinate System Projection:
TAN
Quality
Full
FITS Header
Notes
WCS retrieved using CXCs PinpointWCS
Creator (Curator)
Spitzer Space Telescope
URL
http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu
Name
Email
Telephone
Address
1200 E. California Blvd.
City
Pasadena
State/Province
CA
Postal Code
91125
Country
USA
Rights
Publisher
Spitzer Science Center
Publisher ID
spitzer
Resource ID
ssc2018-16a.tif
Metadata Date
2018-11-28
Metadata Version
1.2
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Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

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Universescalefull
20,000 light years