Tarantula Nebula Spitzer 3-Color Image (Annotated)

Spitzer_ssc2020-06c_1024

spitzer_ssc2020-06c January 27th, 2020

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

This image shows the location of Supernova 1987A and the starburst region R136 where massive stars form at a significantly higher rate than anywhere else in the galaxy.

NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope shows the Tarantula Nebula in three wavelengths of infrared light, each represented by a different color. The magenta-colored regions are dust composed of molecules called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which are also found in ash from coal, wood and oil fires on Earth. PAHs emit in multiple wavelengths. The PAHs emit in multiple wavelengths, so the magenta color is a combination of red (corresponding to an infrared wavelength of 8 micrometers) and blue (3.6 micrometers). The green color in this image shows the presence of particularly hot gas emitting infrared light at a wavelength of 4.5 micrometers. The stars in the image are mostly a combination of green and blue. White hues indicate regions that radiate in all three wavelengths.

NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., manages the Spitzer Space Telescope mission for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington. Science operations are conducted at the Spitzer Science Center at the California Institute of Technology, also in Pasadena. Caltech manages JPL for NASA.

Provider: Spitzer Space Telescope

Image Source: http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/images/6727-ssc2020-06c-Tarantula-Nebula-Spitzer-3-Color-Image-Annotated-

Curator: Spitzer Space Telescope, Pasadena, CA, USA

Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Object Name
Tarantula Nebula SN 1987a R136
Subject - Local Universe
Nebula > Type > Star Formation
Nebula > Type > Supernova Remnant
Star > Grouping > Cluster
Star > Spectral Type > O

Distance

Universescale2
160,000 light years
Spitzer_ssc2020-06c_128
 

Position Details

Position (ICRS)
RA = 5h 37m 49.3s
DEC = -69° 16’ 2.6”
Orientation
North is 90.0° CCW
Field of View
58.9 x 33.1 arcminutes
Constellation
Dorado

Color Mapping

  Telescope Spectral Band Wavelength
Blue Spitzer (IRAC) Infrared 3.6 µm
Green Spitzer (IRAC) Infrared 4.5 µm
Red Spitzer (IRAC) Infrared 8.0 µm
Spectrum_base
Blue
Green
Red
Spitzer_ssc2020-06c_1280
×
ID
ssc2020-06c
Subject Category
C.4.1.2   C.4.1.4   C.3.6.4   C.3.3.1  
Subject Name
Tarantula Nebula, SN 1987a, R136
Credits
NASA/JPL-Caltech
Release Date
2020-01-27
Lightyears
160,000
Redshift
160,000
Reference Url
http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/images/6727-ssc2020-06c-Tarantula-Nebula-Spitzer-3-Color-Image-Annotated-
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Good
Distance Notes
Facility
Spitzer, Spitzer, Spitzer
Instrument
IRAC, IRAC, IRAC
Color Assignment
Blue, Green, Red
Band
Infrared, Infrared, Infrared
Bandpass
Central Wavelength
3600, 4500, 8000
Start Time
Integration Time
Dataset ID
Notes
Coordinate Frame
ICRS
Equinox
J2000
Reference Value
84.4553908, -69.2673753
Reference Dimension
8832.0, 4968.0
Reference Pixel
4417.0, 2485.0
Scale
-0.0001111, 0.0001111
Rotation
89.99
Coordinate System Projection:
TAN
Quality
Full
FITS Header
Notes
WCS retrieved using CXCs PinpointWCS
Creator (Curator)
Spitzer Space Telescope
URL
http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu
Name
Email
Telephone
Address
1200 E. California Blvd.
City
Pasadena
State/Province
CA
Postal Code
91125
Country
USA
Rights
Publisher
Spitzer Science Center
Publisher ID
spitzer
Resource ID
ssc2020-06c.tif
Metadata Date
2020-01-27
Metadata Version
1.1
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Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

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Universescalefull
160,000 light years