The Spider Nebula

Spitzer_sig16-008_500

spitzer_sig16-008 April 14th, 2016

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

The spider part of "The Spider and the Fly" nebulae, IC 417 abounds in star formation, as seen in this infrared image from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope and the Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS).

Located in the constellation Auriga, IC 417 lies about 10,000 light-years away. It is in the outer part of the Milky Way, almost exactly in the opposite direction from the galactic center. This region was chosen as the subject of a research project by a group of students, teachers and scientists as part of the NASA/IPAC Teacher Archive Research Program (NITARP) in 2015.

A cluster of young stars called "Stock 8" can be seen at center right. The light from this cluster carves out a bowl in the nearby dust clouds, seen here as green fluff. Along the sinuous tail in the center and to the left, groupings of red point sources are also young stars.

In this image, infrared wavelengths, which are invisible to the unaided eye, have been assigned visible colors. Light with a wavelength of 1.2 microns, detected by 2MASS, is shown in blue. The Spitzer wavelengths of 3.6 and 4.5 microns are green and red, respectively.

Spitzer data used to create this image were obtained during the space telescope's "warm mission" phase, following its depletion of coolant in mid-2009. Due to its design, Spitzer remains cold enough to operate efficiently at two channels of infrared light. It is now in its 12th year of operation since launch.

The 2MASS mission was a joint effort between the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena; the University of Massachusetts, Amherst; and NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California.

JPL manages the Spitzer Space Telescope mission for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington. Science operations are conducted at the Spitzer Science Center at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena. Spacecraft operations are based at Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company, Littleton, Colorado. Data from 2MASS and Spitzer are archived at the Infrared Science Archive housed at the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC) at Caltech. Caltech manages JPL for NASA.

Image Source: http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/images/6188-sig16-008-The-Spider-Nebula

Curator: Spitzer Space Telescope, Pasadena, CA, USA

Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Object Name
IC 417 The Spider and the Fly Nebula
Subject - Milky Way
Nebula » Type » Star Formation
Star » Grouping » Cluster

Distance

Universescale1
10,000 light years
Spitzer_sig16-008_128
 

Position Details

Position (ICRS)
RA = 5h 28m 42.2s
DEC = 34° 23’ 24.1”
Orientation
North is 9.4° CW
Field of View
41.7 x 23.4 arcminutes
Constellation
Auriga

Color Mapping

  Telescope Spectral Band Wavelength
Arrow_left_green Spitzer (IRAC) Infrared (Near-IR) 3.6 µm
Arrow_left_red Spitzer (IRAC) Infrared (Near-IR) 4.5 µm
Arrow_left_blue 2MASS Infrared (Near-IR) 1.3 µm
Spectrum_base
Arrow_top_green
Arrow_top_red
Arrow_top_blue
Spitzer_sig16-008_1280
×
ID
sig16-008
Subject Category
B.4.1.2   B.3.6.4  
Subject Name
IC 417, The Spider and the Fly Nebula
Credits
NASA/JPL-Caltech
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Good
Distance Notes
Facility
Spitzer, Spitzer, 2MASS
Instrument
IRAC, IRAC
Color Assignment
Green, Red, Blue
Band
Infrared, Infrared, Infrared
Bandpass
Near-IR, Near-IR, Near-IR
Central Wavelength
3600, 4500, 1250
Start Time
Integration Time
Dataset ID
Notes
Coordinate Frame
ICRS
Equinox
Reference Value
82.1756341, 34.3900311
Reference Dimension
4165.0, 2343.0
Reference Pixel
2083.5, 1172.5
Scale
-0.000166724, 0.00016672357
Rotation
-9.39
Coordinate System Projection:
TAN
Quality
Full
FITS Header
Notes
Creator (Curator)
Spitzer Space Telescope
URL
http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu
Name
Email
Telephone
Address
1200 E. California Blvd.
City
Pasadena
State/Province
CA
Postal Code
91125
Country
USA
Rights
Publisher
Spitzer Science Center
Publisher ID
spitzer
Resource ID
sig16-008.tif
Metadata Date
2016-04-14
Metadata Version
1.2
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Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

 

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Universescalefull
10,000 light years